English – America Common Law: Giles Jacob English Law Dictionary – 1750 Edition: Common Law - “(lex communis) Is taken for the law of this kingdom simply, without any other laws; as it was generally holden before any statute was enacted in parliament to alter the same: and the king's courts of justice are called the Common Law Courts.
The Common Law is grounded upon the general customs of the realm; and includes in it the Law of Nature, the Law of God, and the principles and maxims of the law: it is founded upon reason; and is said to be the perfection of reason, acquired by long study, observation and experience, and refined by learned men in all ages. And it is the common birthright, that the subject hath for the safe-guard and defense, not only of his goods, lands, and revenues; but of his wife and children, body, fame, and life also. Co. Lit. 97, 142. Treatise of Laws, p.2.”